02 Jun How to Select Fly Lines for Single/Two-handed Fly Rod? AFTMA & AFFTA
Fly fishing puts the most importance in casting than any other school of fishing and selecting fly line correctly is very critical in providing distance, accuracy, or even comfort when fishing over hours. So, how to choose the correct line for your fishing?
1. We Are Casting “Head” of Fly Line
The fact is fly rod is engineered just as any other rod to cast the load of something. In our case, it happens to be the head part of fly line. That’s it. All you need is to match the weight of head of fly line, which is what you are actually casting, to the potential energy designed for the rod.
What if the weight of head exceeds your rod? No problem. You can keep “shorter” length of fly line out of your rod tip to keep the total mass adjusted to the power of your rod. Or you can Just snip it off until it is the correct weight to fit within your rod’s weight allowance. Otherwise, take the chance and see what happens. Every rod has a buffer for 30-50 grains higher or lower.
Single-Hand Fly Rod (AFTMA chart)
In single-hand fly rod, line weight is always measured at the first 30 feet forming the head of fly line. It is quite simple one-to-one chart between your single-handed fly rod and fly lines. You probably don’t even have to remember the grain/gram part, if you’re only fishing in river for normal circumstances.
|Number Designation||Grain Weight||Margin for Error||Gram Weight|
However, when step your foot into hard games in which you need to use sinktip or heavy fly, you should keep it in mind so that you can rig the whole thing from fly to your fly line in correct weight. And you cast with ease.
Single-Hand Shooting Head for Overhead Cast
When selecting shooting head, you should select the same weight shooting head as the specification of your rod. You can, however, put shooting head +1wt ONLY when you want to use more power to turn over your air resistant fly such as floating baitfish or drake pattern. This is called “over-lining”.
For instance, I used to match SAGE Launch 5wt with 6wt shooting head for floating to fish the clear lake in dry fly season making sure my fly with long tippet leader turn over away from the end of fly line which could spook the fish very easily.
Single-Hand for Spey/Skagit Cast
Also, if you want to execute spey cast using single-handed rod, you can over-line by 2wt, for instance, use 3wt fly rod with 5wt line. But in reality, 30feet head is too long to handle on single-hand rod designed between 7-9 feet long, so you need to select line that is 3wt heavier then snip the excess part off.
Otherwise, there are ready-made skagit shooting head from RIO and OPST which come in short length. Because they are skagit head, you need to add polyleader or sinktip to make part of your line system keep touching water to act as an anchor.
For instance, I am matching my old R.L. Winston LT 3wt with OPST 150 grain skagit Commando Head with long enough polyleader to load the rod not designed for spey cast whatsoever that can now cat 90-100ft with no back cast.
Two-Handed Fly Rod (AFFTA chart)
When you walk into the world of two-handed fly rod from ordinary single hand background, you will be lost in confusion over selecting right fly line. First clue is to know how much weight your rod is engineered to allow. Then use below chart as guideline to select the correct fly line of your choice.
|Type of Line||Shooting Head for overhead cast||Short Belly or Scandinavian Head||Medium Belly||Long Belly|
|Length of Belly||30-50′||50-60′||60-70′||70’+|
|Weight Measured at||40′||55′||65′||80′|
|6wt||250 grain/16.2g||420 grain/27.3g||460 grain/29.9g||600 grain / 39.0g|
|7wt||300 grain/19.5g||470 grain/30.5g||510 grain/33.1g||650 grain/39.0g|
|8wt||360 grain/23.4g||530 grain/34.4g||570 grain/37.0g||710 grain/46.1g|
|9wt||430 grain/27.9g||600 grain/39.0g||640 grain/41.6g||780 grain/50.6g|
|10wt||510 grain/33.1g||680 grain/44.2g||720 grain/46.8g||860 grain/55.8g|
|11wt||600 grain/39.0g||770 grain/50.0g||810 grain/52.6g||950 grain/61.7g|
|12wt||700 grain/45.5g||870 grain/56.5g||910 grain/59.1g||1050 grain/68.2g|
Single-Hand for Scandinavian Shooting Head (Spey with shooting head)
It’s very similar to single-hand situation that you should select shooting head 2wt heavier than the specification of your rod. If your two-hand rod is 8wt, you need Scandinavian Head of 530 grain to make enough load when forming D-loop.
American Fly Fishing Trade Association